Forms of Address, Signatures, and Reverences of Office

In accordance with the Code of Particular Canon Law 2020, the Caeremoniale Aulae S. Mariae Walsinghamensis, and Acta Patriarchalis Sedis.

Note: For Forms of Address for the laity and lay officials, please click here.

Clerics of All Grades

Formal Style

The Reverend Don Full Name

N.b. Priests of religous orders use Father (or Pater in Latin) instead of Don.

Reverendus Dominus Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Rev. D.nus Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Rev. Dom. Nomen et Cognomen

Nota bene: Priests with
doctorates may use the
style of "Doctor" or "Dr."
after "The Reverend,"
in formal style and
envelope addresses,
but it is not appropriate
in written or spoken
forms of address. This
applies to all clerics.

N.b. All priests sign their name
with a single cross, i.e., + after
the name.

 

Envelope Address

The Reverend Don Full Name
or
Rev. Don. Full Name

Reverendus Dominus Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Rev. D.nus Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Rev. Dom. Nomen et Cognomen

Written Form of Address

Reverend Sir

Reverende Domine

Written Address (informal)

Don First Name

Dom Cognomen

Spoken Form of Address

Reverend Sir or Don
First Name at the first instance; and
then Sir or, in the case of a priest, secular or religious, "Father" may be used thereafter.

Reverende Domine in primo, deinde Domine

Spoken Address (informal)

Don

Domine

Reverence of Office

(for priests only)

Stand when he enters the room and remain standing until he invites you to sit. Men must remove their hats in his presence. You may ask for and receive a blessing, in which case you should kneel on the left knee unless kneeling would be awkward or impossible. Repeat reverential gestures when leaving his presence.


Deans and Canons of the Patriarchal See

Formal Style

The Very Reverend Monsignor Full Name
or
The Very Rev. Msgr. Full Name
or
Very Rev. Msgr. Full Name

Admodus Reverendus (Dominus) Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Adm. Rev. (Dom.) Nomen et Cognomen

Envelope Address

The Very Reverend Monsignor Full Name
or
The Very Rev. Msgr. Full Name

Admodus Reverendus Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Adm. Rev. Nomen et Cognomen

Written Form of Address

Very Reverend Lord
or
Very Reverend Monsignor

Adm. Reverende Domine

Written Address (informal)

Dean Surname

Decane

Spoken Form of Address

Very Reverend Lord or Monsignor or Monsignor Surname at the first instance; and then Monsignor may be used thereafter.

Spoken Address (informal)

Monsignor

Reverence of Office

Stand when he enters the room and remain standing until he invites you to sit. Men must remove their hats in his presence. You may ask for and receive a blessing, in which case you should kneel on the left knee unless kneeling would be awkward or impossible. Repeat reverential gestures when leaving his presence.


Archdeacon
of the Patriarchal See

Formal Style

The Very Reverend and Venerable Monsignor Full Name
or
The Very Rev. and Ven. Msgr. Full Name
or
Very Rev. and Ven. Msgr. Full Name

Admodus Reverendus et Venerabilis Dominus Nomen et Cognomen
vel

Adm. Rev. et Ven. Dom. Nomen et Cognomen

Envelope Address

The Very Reverend and Venerable Monsignor Full Name
or
The Very Rev. and Ven. Msgr. Full Name
or, should space be a concern,
The Very Rev. Msgr. Full Name

Admodus Reverendus et Venerabilis Dominus Nomen et Cognomen
vel

Adm. Rev. et Ven. Dom. Nomen et Cognomen

Written Form of Address

Very Reverend and Venerable Monsignor
or
Very Reverend and Venerable Lord

Adm. Reverende et Venerabilis Domine

Written Address (informal)

Archdeacon

Archidiacone

Spoken Form of Address

Very Reverend and Venerable Lord or Monsignor or Monsignor Surname at the first instance; and then "Monsignor" may be used thereafter.

Spoken Address (informal)

Monsignor

Reverence of Office

Stand when he enters the room and remain standing until he invites you to sit. Men must remove their hats in his presence. You may ask for and receive a blessing, in which case you should kneel on the left knee unless kneeling would be awkward or impossible. Repeat reverential gestures when leaving his presence.


Bishop

Formal Style

His Grace the Right Reverend Full Name
or
H.G. the Rt. Rev. Full Name
(N.b. This may be written in less formal circumstances without H.G.)
or
His Grace (or H.G.) Bishop Full Name

Excellentissimus ac Reverendissimus Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Ex.mus ac Rev.mus Nomen et Cognomen

N.b. After the style of a
Bishop as given, their
specific title as Ordinary
or Suffragan may be
appended following
their name.

Envelope Address

His Grace the Right Reverend Full Name
or
H.G. the Rt. Rev. Full Name

Excellentissimus ac Reverendissimus Nomen et Cognomen
vel
Ex.mus ac Rev.mus Nomen et Cognomen

Written Form of Address

Your Grace
or
Right Reverend Father
or
Right Reverend Lord
or (most formal)
Your Right Reverend Grace

Excellentissime Pater
vel
Excellentissime Domine

Written Address (informal)

Bishop or Monsignor

N.b. All bishops sign their
names with a single cross,
i.e., +, before their name.
Archbishops may alternatively use a double patriarchal cross, i.e., , but should not use two single crosses, i.e., ++.

Spoken Form of Address

Your Grace
or (most formal)
Your Right Reverend Grace

Spoken Address (informal)

Bishop Surname
or
Bishop or Monsignor

Conclusion of correspondence

Kissing the Sacred Ring, I have the honor to remain Your Grace's most humble servant,

Sacrum anulum osculatus, E.V. servus obligatus,

Reverence of Office

Stand when he enters the room and remain standing until he invites you to sit. Men must remove their hats in his presence. Kneel on your left knee and kiss ring as sign of respect for his office. You may ask for and receive a blessing. If kneeling would be awkward or impossible, bow at the waist and kiss his ring. Repeat reverential gestures when leaving his presence.


Metropolitan or
Titular Archbishop

The styles for an Archbishop are the same as those given above for a Bishop, except that "Bishop" is replaced with "Archbishop," and "the Right Reverend" is replaced with "the Most Reverend," abbreviated "the Most Rev." Provincial Archbishops may append the title of their See after their name, e.g. "Archbishop of...." Titular Archbishops of the rank only may append "Archbishop" after the name, provided it has not been written before the name. The reverences of office are also the same as for a Bishop.


The Governor-General and Arch-Chancellor of the Patriarchal See

The styles for the Governor-General and the Arch-Chancellor, as Principal Electors, are the same as for the Cardinals of St. Stephen below, except that "Cardinal" is not used. The form of reverence is as given for a Metropolitan Archbishop. The style of "Don" is placed before their Christian names.

Their personal titles are:

Governor-General: Count of Marmande

Arch-Chancellor: Count of Römerberg


Cardinals

Identical to a bishop above, except that" Excellency" is replaced with "Eminence." The title of "Cardinal" is inserted before the surname most formally, but less formally may be placed before the name. Cardinals may also be addressed as Monsignor Cardinal.

The form of reverence is:

Kissing the Sacred Purple, I have the honour to remain Your Eminence's most humble and devoted servant,

Or in Latin:

Sacram purpuram osculatus, E.V. servus dev.mus et obligatus,


Anglo-Roman Papa

Formal Style

His Holiness and Eminence Archfather Papa Pontifical Name
or
His Holiness and Eminence Archfather Pontifical Name
or
His Holiness and Eminence Papa Pontifical Name
(The abbreviation H.H.E. may be used. Papa is always in its Latin form and may be abbreviated "pp.")

Eminentissimus ac Beatissimus Papa Nomen

N.b. The Archfather signs
his name without the cross before it. He uses his Pontifical name followed by "Pp." and the dynastic numeral, or initial only.

The diplomatic styles used within the Patriarchate are:

Patriarch:
His Holiness and Eminence
Elector of Trier:
His Westphalian Royal Highness
Elector of Mainz:
His Franconian Royal Highness
Merovingian Crown Cardinal of France:
His Most Christian Royal Highness

Envelope Address

His Holiness and Eminence Papa Pontifical Name
or
H.H.E. Papa Pontifical Name

Eminentissimus ac Beatissimus Papa Nomen

Written Form of Address

Your Holiness and Eminence (Most formal.)

or

Your Holiness

Eminentissime ac Beatissime Papa

Spoken Form of Address

Your Holiness,
or (most formal)
Your Holiness and Eminence

Spoken Address (informal)

Archfather, Papa Pontifical Name, or Archfather Pontifical Name

Conclusion of correspondence

Kissing the Sacred Foot, I have the honor to remain Your Holy Eminence's most humble and devoted servant,

Pedum sacrum toccato, A.E.V. servus dev.mus et obligatus,

Reverence of Office

Kneel on the left knee and kiss the ring as a sign of respect for the office. If kneeling cannot be done, then bow. You may ask for and receive a blessing. Stand when he enters the room and remain standing until he invites you to sit. Men must remove their hats in his presence. Repeat reverential gestures when leaving his presence. When enthroned, the most full reverence by tradition is to kneel on the left knee and kiss the right foot.

 

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