Regarding the Norms of the Arrival of a Bishop at a Church and
Solemn Vesting before Liturgy
October A.D. 2012
bishop in his own jurisdiction arriving for solemn liturgy will
arrive to the church building in cappa magna or mozzetta, and in both
cases either the biretta or the clerical hat (saturno). In the case
of a bishop outside his jurisdiction or an auxiliary bishop, he is
vested in mantelletta or, if so approved, the cappa, worn not
curtailed if invited to preside. If there is a procession to the
church, then it forms in order of dignity according to the usual use.
An archbishop has his cross carried immediately before him, and a
cardinal has not only his cross, but his mace, if the occasion is
sufficiently solemn, carried immediately before the cross. The
baldacchino may be carried over the bishop for bishops within their
own jurisdiction. None wear the biretta except the bishop and Sacred
Ministers (if they are in mass vestments). All other clerics carry
their birettas in the usual manner.
arriving at the church, the Dean of the Cathedral Chapter or the
Rector of the Parish, or else some other suitable dignitary presents
the bishop a crucifix, which same usually shall be affixed to a
cushion, to kiss. Having done do, the bishop receives the aspergillum
from the same dignitary, removes his hat, and first asperses himself.
This he does by dipping the aspergillum in the holy water and making
the sign of the cross on his forehead with it. Having done this, he
asperses those around him. All kneel, except for prelates, who remain standing.
above completed, the bishop, if he is not wearing the cappa, removes
the mozzetta and takes the cappa. In any case, he takes the biretta.
If an auxiliary bishop of bishop outside of his diocese, he remains
in the mantelletta unless so invited or authorized to take the cappa.
bishop then proceeds with his household, leading the procession
(blessing the people, when in his diocese), to the high altar, first
genuflects if the Sacrament is present, or else kneels, and then
kneels at a genuflexorium prepared in advance for him, and prays
awhile. But note that if the bishop is an archbishop, his cross is
carried before him, and for a cardinal, also his mace if used. If the
full rites of solemn reception of a bishop are to be done, or the
rites to begin a pastoral visit, they are done at this time. This
finished, he proceeds to the appropriate location depending on the
liturgy or rites to follow.
SOLEMN MASS IN HIS OWN DIOCESE
bishop in his own diocese then proceeds either to the throne or to a
chapel set aside as the Secretarium, blessing the people as he goes
(which is done only within the bishops own diocese). Or, if he
so chooses, to the sacristy, but only if the Office will not be said.
The Ministers should vest elsewhere at this time, or else have
already vested before the arrival of the bishop.
6. If the
Office is to be said, the bishop begins it with the silent Dual
Prayer, and then the opening versicles. He participates in the Office
as usual until the psalms begin. Then he sits wearing the biretta. A
clerk carries the pontifical slippers, or else the sandals and
buskins, if they are to be used (and note that sandals and buskins
are used only by a bishop while celebrating a solemn pontifical mass
himself, whereas the pontifical slippers may also be worn at low
masses without solemnity and with choir dress, as given in canon law;
and note also that the pontifical slippers may be worn at masses of
the dead, but the sandals and buskins may never be worn at masses of
the dead), on a salver to the bishop. The clerk wears the humeral
veil in the color of the day to carry the salver, the ends of the
veil covering the salver and footwear. But note that the humeral veil
is omitted if it is a mass for the dead. Upon arrival, he reverences
the bishop as usual. Attendants remove the footwear of normal use and
assist in the placement of the pontifical footwear, the right foot
first. The veil is folded and placed on the salver and, along with
the footwear of normal use, taken to the sacristy or some other
convenient location, the proper reverence having first been made.
change of footwear complete, the bishop rises, taking off his biretta
and handing it to an attendant. He then reads the prayers in
preparation for celebrating the Holy Mass, as provided in the Rituale.
8. He is
next divested of the cappa, which also is taken to a convenient
location. He then continues with the prayers for each vestment. Next
he sits, wearing the rochet and biretta, and his attendants assist at
the washing of the hands as in the usual way for the lavabo at the
throne. This completed, the biretta is taken away.
bishop is then vested with the pontifical mass vestments, which have
previously been laid out on the altar, and which are brought by
clerks. The order in which they are brought is the amice, the alb,
the pectoral cross, the cincture, and the stole. Next, the bishop
takes the cope and mitre, and then sits for the remainder of the
psalms if they are not finished. Then he rises, wearing the mitre,
for the Chapter. This finished, the mitre is removed, and he says the
prayers for the Office. After the prayers, while the Benedicamus
Domino is said, he stands without the mitre and then says the
concluding verses and final Pater as usual. The clerks then take the
cope and bring to him the dalmatic, the gloves, and the chasuble. If
he is an archbishop, the pallium is either pinned to the chasuble at
this time, or has previously been attached. The bishop then takes the
mitre and the crosier, and the procession forms as usual to go to the
high altar to begin the mass with the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar.
10. If the
Office is not said, all is done as above, except that the references
to the Offices are ignored, and the bishop does not take the cope,
but rather continues vesting with the dalmatic, gloves, and chasuble.
SOLEMN MASS OUTSIDE OF HIS DIOCESE
11. If the
bishop is outside his diocese, or else is an auxiliary bishop, it is
unusual for him to celebrate from the throne. If he is so invited,
then the vesting proceeds as above for a bishop within his own
diocese. If he celebrates from the faldstool, then he vests either in
the sacristy, or else at the faldstool, with the vestments arrayed on
the high altar. The Office may be said during the vesting.
WITH THE BISHOP PRESIDING
12. If the
bishop is to preside, but not celebrate a solemn mass, then he either
vests in cope and mitre at the throne, in the Secretarium, or in the
Sacristy, or else remains in cappa.
13. If the
bishop vests in cope, then the procedure for vesting is precisely as
given for a bishop vesting before celebrating a solemn pontifical
mass in his own diocese, and the vesting stops at the cope and mitre.
He then takes the crosier, and the procession forms with the
Celebrant as usual, and all proceeds as given in the norms and
instructions for celebrating a mass in the presence of bishop in his
14. If the
bishop remains in cappa, then after praying before the altar, he
proceeds to the throne, where a clerk brings the pontifical slippers
on a salver, using the humeral veil, and the exchange of footwear is
as given for the vesting of a bishop before a solemn pontifical mass.
He then rises, and the procession forms with the Celebrant as usual,
and all proceeds as given in the norms and instructions for
celebrating a mass in the presence of bishop in his own diocese.
SEATED IN CHOIR
15. If a
bishop sits in choir at the mass or in any liturgy or devotion,
whether a great prelate or not, the arrival is as usual with a few
exceptions. The bishop is vested in either mozzetta or mantelleta as
appropriate. The rites of arrival take place as usual. The bishop
proceeds to the high altar, genuflecting or bowing according to
whether or not the Sacrament is reserved, and then kneels and prays
awhile before taking his seat in the choir.
several bishops are to assist at the mass, however, then none are
presented with the crucifix or aspergillum except the senior-most
bishop, whether the Celebrant or not. In the case of multiple bishops
arriving, if they will arrive at separate times, then the one of
highest rank still should arrive last. Upon arriving, they proceed to
the high altar, genuflecting or bowing according to whether or not
the Sacrament is reserved, and then proceed to take their seats in
choir. If, however, the several bishops accompany the senior-most
bishop to the church, then they remain at the door of the church as
the rites of solemn arrival take place as usual.
17. If a
bishop is to take the pontifical slippers, they are donned in the
sacristy only. They may optionally be brought on a salver by a clerk,
but without the humeral veil.
IN THE PRESENCE OF A BISHOP
18. If a
priest (or a lesser bishop) celebrates a low mass (without solemnity)
in the presence of a bishop, then the bishop arrives as for a bishop
seated in choir and either takes his seat in choir or, if he is so
entitled and wishes, upon the throne.
CELEBRATED BY A BISHOP
bishop arrives for a low mass (without solemnity) as given for a
bishop seated in choir. He vests for mass either in the sacristy or
at the throne, but not in the Secretarium. Vesting may be done during
the Office. The procedure for vesting is otherwise the same, except
the dalmatic and gloves are not used, the biretta is worn instead of
the mitre, and the crosier is not carried. The bishop may, however,
in accordance with Canon Law, omit the biretta altogether. Also, if
he is performing a pontifical rite such as administering the
Sacrament of Confirmation or of Holy Orders, he wears the mitre and
carries the crosier.
bishop arrives for solemn vespers just as for a solemn mass,
according to whether he is a jurisdictional bishop in or out of his
own diocese, or an auxiliary bishop. That is, a bishop in his own
diocese wears the cappa, and a bishop outside his own diocese or an
auxiliary bishop wears the mantelletta.
21. If the
bishop is officiating at Vespers, he vests in cope and mitre in the
usual manner at the throne, if so entitled, or else at the faldstool.
22. If the
bishop is not officiating, but presiding at Vespers, then he vests in
either cope and mitre or remains in the cappa.
bishop officiating at Vespers remains in the cappa for the beginning
of Vespers. When the psalms begin, the bishop vests in cope and mitre
following the procedures of vesting as for the solemn pontifical mass
as given for the vesting during the Office. However, he does not wash
his hands, and he does not recite the vesting prayers, which are only
used when vesting to celebrate the mass.
bishop presiding at Vespers, but not officiating, if he is to preside
in cope and mitre, does exactly as given for a bishop officiating. If
he is to preside in cappa, then he begins Vespers as usual. Once the
psalms have begun, he sits, wearing the biretta, and the footwear of
normal use is exchange for the pontifical slippers, which are carried
on a salver, but without the humeral veil.
25. All is
for solemn Lauds as is given for solemn vespers.
26. If the
bishop is to officiate or preside at Matins immediately preceding
Lauds, then he wears the cappa with the hood over the head through
Matins (after entering the church) until the beginning of Lauds.
penitential rites and offices, the liturgy of the Sacred Triduum,
excepting the Mass of Holy Thursday and the Chrism Mass, and masses
and offices of the dead, the cappa magna is worn with the hood over
the head after entering the church. During such times, he does not
give the customary blessing of the people as he processes to the
altar. And note that if the bishop goes to the church building in
procession, he may also wear the hood up, but if he does not, then he
does not wear the biretta, but only the zucchetto. At times when the
bishop wears the hood over the head, the biretta is not worn by anyone.
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