SPANISH HERITAGE OF THE
ANGLO-ITALIAN IMPERIAL PATRIARCHATE

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The Anglo-Italian Imperial Patriarchate maintains strong cultural ties to Spain through its patrimony in France and Italy. Spanish is one of the five official languages of the Patriarchate, along with English, Italian, French, and German.

The Patriarchal and Royal Household descends from Don James I, King of Aragón, Count of Gévaudan in a line to Berenguer Raimondo, Count of Provence and Gévaudan in the House of Barcelona, from which also the Merovingian title of Count of Sainte Animie, the personal title of the Imperial Patriarchs, also succeeds.

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Don James I, King of Aragón, Count of Gévaudan

The ancient House of Ivrea, to which the Imperial Patriarchate is successor in Imperial Italy, also succeeded to the thrones of Barcelona and Castile y León. The third great-grandson of Adalbert of Ivrea, King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire, was Alfonso VII, King of Castile y León. Alfonso's mother was Urraca, Queen of Castile y León, and his father was Raymond of Burgunday (House of Ivrea), Count of Galicia, son of William I, Count of Burgundy. From there House of Ivrea ruled Castile y León until the 14th century succession crisis, when the House of Trastámara, illegitimate descendants of Alfonso XI, ruled. It was from that house that Isabella originated, who married Ferdinand of Aragón and launched the primary European exploration of the New World with the voyages of Columbus.

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Don Adalbert, King of Italy, 3rd great-grandfather of Alfonso VII,
King of Castile y León (House of Ivrea)

Additionally, there is a strong and significant connection to Hispania of the Most Honourable Legion of the Eagle, which is the successor of the IX Spanish Legion of the Roman Empire. The original "Legion of the Eagle" was a military unit of the Roman Empire tasked with defending the Empire against the barbarians and refers to the Legio IX Hispana (Spanish Legion), which was founded by Julius Caesar and re-activated by Caesar Augustus. It served mainly in Spain, Britain, and Germany. Their principal headquarters became York, and their mascot was the eagle. They earned their name, Hispana (Hispanic), during the Cantabrian Wars in Spain. Its Spanish home is León, its Germanic home is Speyer in the historic Duchy of Franconia, and its Italian home is Aquilea in the historic sovereign Patriarchate of Aquilea in Imperial Italy. The patron saint of the Legion is Saint Patrick, the Roman Britain best known as Apostle to the Irish.


L-R: Julius Caesar, founder of the Legion of the Eagle (IX Legio Hispana),
Caesar Augustus, who first re-established the IX Legio Hispana

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