case of a convert from heresy, inquiry by the priest should first be
made about the validity of his former baptism. If after careful
investigation it is discovered that the party was never baptized or
that the supposed baptism was invalid, he must now be baptized
unconditionally. However, if the investigation leaves doubt about the
validity of baptism, then it is to be repeated conditionally, using
the either the ceremony for baptism of adults as given below for
converts, or the form of Solemn Baptism given in the section thereof.
Also, if ascertained that the former baptism was valid, reception
into the Church will consist only in abjuration of former errors and
profession of faith. The reception of a convert will, consequently,
take place in one of the following three ways:
baptism is conferred unconditionally, none of the Rituale contained
in this section for the abjuration of former errors and absolution
from censures will follow, as the sacrament of rebirth cleanses from
all sin and fault.
baptism is to be repeated conditionally, the order will be: (1)
abjuration or profession of faith; (2) baptism with conditional form;
(3) sacramental confession with conditional absolution.
the former baptism has been judged valid, there will be only
abjuration or profession of faith, followed by absolution from
censures. But if the convert greatly desires that the full rites of
baptism lacking hitherto be supplied on this occasion, the priest is
certainly free to comply with his devout request. In this case he
ought to use the form of baptism for adults, preferably of the Solemn
Form, making those changes necessitated by the fact that baptism has
already been validly conferred.
priest vested in surplice and purple stole is seated in the middle of
the altar predella, unless the Blessed Sacrament is reserved in the
tabernacle-in which case he takes a place at the epistle side. The
convert kneels before him, and with his right hand on the book of
Gospels makes the profession of faith as given below. If the person
is unable to read, the priest reads it for him slowly, so that he can
understand and repeat the words after him.
convert is being received by a Bishop, then the Bishop vests in cope
and mitre and sits at the faldstool before the altar with his usual assistants.
.... years of age, born outside the Catholic Church, have held and
believed errors contrary to her teaching. Now, enlightened by divine
grace, I kneel before thee, Reverend Father N., having before mine
eyes and touching with my hand the holy Gospels. And with firm faith
I believe and profess each and all the articles contained in the
Apostles' Creed, that is: I believe in God, the Father almighty,
Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our
Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried;
He descended into hell, the third day he rose again from the dead; He
ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God, the
Father almighty, from thence he shall come to judge the living and
the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the Holy Catholic Church; the
communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the
body, and + life everlasting. Amen.
admit and embrace the apostolic and ecclesiastical traditions and all
the other constitutions and ordinances of the Church.
the Sacred Scriptures in the sense which hath been held and is still
held by holy Mother Church, whose duty it is to judge the true sense
and interpretation of Sacred Scripture, and I shall never accept or
interpret them in a sense contrary to the unanimous consent of the fathers.
that the sacraments of the New Law are truly and precisely seven in
number, instituted for the salvation of mankind, though all are not
necessary for each individual: baptism, confirmation, holy Eucharist,
penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, and matrimony. I profess
that all confer grace, and that baptism, confirmation, and holy
orders cannot be repeated without sacrilege. I also accept and admit
the ritual of the Catholic Church in the solemn administration of all
the aforementioned sacraments.
and hold in each and every part all that hath been defined and
declared by the Sacred Council of Trent concerning original sin and
justification. I profess that in the Holy Mass there is offered unto
God a true, real, and propitiatory Sacrifice for the living and the
dead; that in the Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist the Body and Blood
together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ is
really, truly, and substantially present, and that there taketh place
in the Mass what the Church calleth transubstantiation, which is the
change of all the substance of bread into the Body of Christ and of
all substance of wine into his Blood. I confess also that in
receiving under either of these species one receiveth Jesus Christ
whole and entire.
hold that Purgatory existeth and that the souls detained there can be
helped by the prayers of the faithful.
hold that the saints, who reign with Jesus Christ, should be
venerated and invoked, that they offer prayers unto God for us, and
that their relics are to be venerated.
profess that the images of Jesus Christ and of the Mother of God,
Blessed Mary Ever-Virgin, as well as of all the saints should be
given due honor and veneration. I also affirm that Jesus Christ left
to the Church the faculty to grant indulgences, and that their use is
most salutary to the Christian people. I recognize the Holy Catholic
and Apostolic Church as the mother and teacher of all the churches,
and I promise and swear true obedience to the leaders of both this
Particular Church and to the Church Universal, further giving due
honor to the Roman Pontiff, Successor of Saint Peter, the Prince of
the Apostles and Vicar of Jesus Christ.
without hesitation I accept and profess all that hath been handed
down, defined, and declared by the sacred canons and by the general
councils, especially by the Sacred Council of Trent and by the
Vatican General Council. At the same time I condemn and reprove all
that the Church has condemned and reproved. This same Catholic Faith,
outside of which none can be saved, I now freely profess and I truly
adhere to it. With the help of God, I promise and swear to maintain
and profess this faith entirely, inviolately, and with firm constancy
until the last breath of life. And I shall strive, as far as
possible, that this same faith shall be held, taught, and publicly
professed by all who depend on me and over whom I shall have charge.
So help me
God and these holy Gospels.
convert remains kneeling, and the priest, still seated, says Psalm
51, or Psalm 130, concluding with Glory be as usual.
this the priest stands and says:
Father... the rest inaudibly until:
lead us not into temptation. R. But deliver us from evil. V. Save thy
servant. R. Who trusteth in thee, my God. V. Lord, hear my prayer. R.
And let my cry come unto thee. V. The Lord be with you. R. And with
Let us pray.
whose nature is ever merciful and forgiving, accept our prayer that
this thy servant, bound by the fetters of sin, may be pardoned by thy
loving kindness: through Christ our Lord. R. Amen.
priest again sits down, and facing the convert pronounces the
absolution from excommunication inserting the word perhaps if in
doubt as to whether it has been incurred:
authority of the Holy Church which I exercise here, I release thee
from the bond of excommunication which thou hast (perhaps) incurred;
and I restore thee unto communion and union with the faithful, as
well as to the holy sacraments of the Church; in the Name of the
Father, and of the Son, + and of the Holy Ghost. R. Amen.
the priest imposes some salutary penance, such as prayers, visits to
a church, or the equivalent.
FORM FOR PROFESSION OF FAITH
of grave necessity only.
raised in the Protestant religion (or another religion as the case
may be) but now by the grace of God brought to the knowledge of the
truth, sincerely and solemnly declare that I firmly believe and
profess all that the Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church believeth
and teacheth, and I reject and condemn whatever she rejecteth and condemneth.
this the priest says Psalm 51 and the rest as above.